Feminist literary criticism - Wikipedia

 

feminist criticism literature

Feminist Criticism (s-present) Feminist criticism is concerned with " the ways in which literature (and other cultural productions) reinforce or undermine the economic, political, social, and psychological oppression of women" (Tyson). This school of theory looks at how aspects of our culture are inherently patriarchal (male dominated). Feminist literary criticism is the critical analysis of literary works based on the feminist perspective. In particular, feminist literary critics tend to reject the patriarchal norms of literature that privileges masculine ways of thinking/points of view and marginalizes women politically, economically and. Feminist literary criticism recognizes that since literature both reflects culture and shapes it, literary studies can either perpetuate the oppression of women or help to eliminate it.


What Is the Feminist Approach to Literary Criticism? | Pen and the Pad


Feminist literary criticism is literary criticism informed by feminist theoryor more broadly, by the politics of feminism. It uses the principles and ideology of feminism to critique the language of literature. This school of thought seeks to analyze and describe the ways in which literature portrays the narrative of male domination by exploring the economic, social, political, and psychological forces embedded within literature.

It is used a lot feminist criticism literature Greek myths. Traditionally, feminist literary criticism has sought to examine old texts within literary canon through a new lens. Specific goals of feminist criticism include both the development and discovery female tradition of writing, and rediscovering of old texts, while also interpreting symbolism feminist criticism literature women's writing so that it will not be lost or ignored by the male point of view and resisting sexism inherent in the majority of mainstream literature.

These goals, along with the intent to analyze women writers and their writings from a female perspective, and increase awareness of the sexual politics of language and style [3] were developed by Lisa Tuttle in the s, and have since been adopted by a majority of feminist critics.

The history of feminist literary criticism is extensive, from classic works of nineteenth-century women authors such as George Eliot and Margaret Fuller to cutting-edge theoretical work in women's studies and gender studies by " third-wave " authors.

Before the s—in the first and feminist criticism literature waves of feminism—feminist literary feminist criticism literature was concerned with women's authorship and the representation of women's condition within literature; in particular the depiction of fictional female characters. In addition, feminist literary criticism is concerned with the exclusion of women from the literary canon, with theorists such as Lois Tyson suggesting that this is because the views of women authors are often not considered to be universal ones.

Additionally, feminist criticism has been closely associated with the birth and growth of queer studies. Modern feminist literary theory seeks to understand both the literary portrayals feminist criticism literature representation of both women and people in the queer community, expanding the role of a variety of identities and analysis within feminist literary criticism. Feminist scholarship has developed a variety of ways to unpack literature in order to understand its essence through a feminist lens.

Scholars under the camp known as Feminine Critique sought to divorce literary analysis away from abstract diction-based arguments and instead tailored their criticism to more "grounded" pieces of literature plot, feminist criticism literature, characters, etc, feminist criticism literature.

Others schools of thought such as gynocriticism —which is considered a 'female' perspective on women's writings—uses a historicist approach to literature by exposing exemplary female scholarship in literature and the ways in which their relation to gender structure relayed in their portrayal of both fiction and reality in their texts.

Gynocriticism was introduced during the time of second wave feminism. Elaine Showalter suggests that feminist critique is an "ideological, righteous, angry, and admonitory search for the sins and errors of the past," and says gynocriticism enlists "the grace of imagination in a disinterested search for the essential difference of women's writing.

More contemporary scholars attempt to understand the intersecting points of femininity and complicate our common assumptions about gender politics by accessing different categories of identity race, class, feminist criticism literature, sexual orientation, etc.

The ultimate goal of any of these tools is to uncover and expose patriarchal underlying tensions within novels and interrogate the ways in which our basic literary assumptions feminist criticism literature such novels are contingent on female subordination.

In this way, the accessibility of literature broadens to a far feminist criticism literature inclusive and holistic population. Moreover, feminist criticism literature, works that historically received little or no attention, given the historical constraints around feminist criticism literature authorship in some cultures, are able to be heard in their original form and unabridged.

This makes a broader collection of literature for all readers insofar as all great works of literature are given exposure without bias towards a gender influenced system. Women have also begun to employ anti-patriarchal themes to protest the historical censorship of literature written by women.

The rise of decadent feminist literature in the s was meant to directly challenge the sexual politics of the patriarchy. By employing a wide range of female sexual exploration and lesbian and queer identities by those like Rita Felski and Judith Bennet, women were able attract more attention about feminist topics in feminist criticism literature. Since the development of more complex conceptions of gender and subjectivity and third-wave feminismfeminist literary criticism has taken a variety of new routes, namely in the tradition of the Frankfurt School 's critical theoryfeminist criticism literature, which analyzes how the dominant ideology of a subject influences societal understanding.

It has also considered gender in the terms of Freudian and Lacanian psychoanalysisas part of the deconstruction of existing relations of power, and as a concrete political investment. More specifically, modern feminist criticism deals with those issues related to the perceived intentional and unintentional patriarchal programming within key aspects of society including education, politics and the feminist criticism literature force.

When looking at literature, modern feminist literary critics also seek ask how feminist, literary, and critical the critique practices are,with scholars such as Susan Lanser looking to improve both literature analysis and the analyzer's own practices to be more diverse. While the beginning of more mainstream feminist literary criticism is typically considered during second-wave feminism, there are multiple texts prior to that era that contributed greatly to the field, feminist criticism literature.

Feminist literary criticism can be traced back to medieval times, feminist criticism literature, with some arguing that Geoffrey Chaucer's Wife of Bath could be an example of early feminist literary critics.

In it, Woolf argues that in order to write creatively and be critically successful, a woman must be able to own her own space and financial stability, feminist criticism literature. And though the basis of the feminist criticism literature is around a Woolf speaking at a conference for women's literature, she speculates that there is still a long way to go for women and so-called 'women's issues' in creative space, especially based on the differences in educational quality Woolf observed between men and women.

Modern feminist literary criticism finds most of its roots in the s second-wave feminist movements. Beginning with the interrogation of male-centric literature that portrayed women in a demeaning and oppressed model, theorists such as Mary Ellman, Kate Millet and Germaine Greer challenged past imaginations of the feminine within literary scholarship.

Within second-wave feminism, three phases can be defined: the feminine phase, the feminist phase, and the female phase, feminist criticism literature.

During the feminine phase, female writers adhered to male values. In the feminist phase, there was a theme of criticism of women's role in society. And in the female phase, it was now assumed that women's works were valid, and the works were less combative than in the feminist phase. Susan Lanser suggested changing the name of feminist literary criticism to "critical literary feminism" to change the focus from the criticism to the feminism, and points out that writing such works requires "consciousness of political context.

By this time, scholars were not only interested in simply demarcating narratives of oppression but also creating a literary space for past, present and future female literary scholars to substantiate their experience in a genuine way that appreciates the aesthetic form of their works, feminist criticism literature.

Additionally, Black literary feminist scholars began to emerge, in the post-Civil Rights era of the United States, as a response to the masculine-centric narratives of Black empowerments began to gain momentum over female voices.

Although not a "critical" text, The Black Woman: An Anthologyedited by Cade is seen as essential feminist criticism literature the rise of Black literary criticism and theory. It's compilation of poems, short stories and essays gave rise to new institutionally supported forms of Black literary scholarship. The literary scholarship also included began with the perception of Black female writers being under received relative to their talent. The Combahee River Collective released what is called one of the most famous pieces in Black literary scholarship known as "A Black Feminist Statement"which sought to prove that literary feminism was an important component to black female liberation.

In Sandra Gilbert and Susan Gubar published The Madwoman in the Atticfeminist criticism literature, an analysis of women's poetry and prose, and how it fits into the larger feminist literary canon. This publication has become a staple of feminist criticism and has expanded the realm of publications considered to be feminist works, especially in the 19th century.

The book specifically argues that women have largely been feminist criticism literature in two distinct categories by men in academia, monsters or angels. Gilbert and Gubar argued that being trapped in these categories regulated women writers to specific areas of literature and writing, leaving the rest open only to men, and causing a distinct anxiety in women's writers to stay specifically within those categories or be ridiculed.

Today, writers like Gloria E. During that same time, Deborah E. McDowell published New Directions for Black Feminist Criticismwhich called for a more theoretical school of criticism versus the current writings, which she deemed overly practical.

In this essay McDowell also extensively discussed black women's portrayal in literature, feminist criticism literature, and how it came across as even more negative than white women's portrayal. As time moved forward, the theory began to disperse in ideology. Many decided to shift towards the nuanced psychological factors of the Black experience and further away from broad sweeping generalizations.

Others began to connect their works to the politics of lesbianism, feminist criticism literature. Some decided to analyze the Black experience through their relationship to the Western world. Regardless, these scholars continue to employ a variety of methods to explore the identity of Black feminism in literature. Ettinger introduced psychoanalytic discourses into their work by way of Sigmund Freud and Jacques Feminist criticism literature as a way to truly "get to the root" of feminine anxieties within text to manifest broader societal truths about the place of women.

Currently, several university scholars all employ the usage of literary feminism when critiquing texts, feminist criticism literature. The mainstreaming of this school has given academia an extremely useful tool in raising questions over the gender relationships within texts.

As with other aspects of feminist theory, over the course of the second half of twentieth century feminist literary criticism has expanded to include a significantly broader spectrum of identities under the umbrella term of 'feminism'. Third wave feminist theory feminist criticism literature beyond has striven to include more identities and aspects of intersectionalityand feminist literary criticism has followed suit, feminist criticism literature.

Third wave feminism and feminist literary criticism is concerned more with the intersection of race and other feminist concerns. At the same time, feminist criticism literature, new feminist literary critics examine the universal images used by women writers to uncover the unconscious symbolism women have used to describe themselves, their world, female society across time and nationalities to uncover the feminist criticism literature feminine language in literature.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Women's suffrage Muslim countries US. First Second Third Fourth. Variants general. Variants religious. By country. Lists and categories. Lists Articles Feminists by nationality Literature American feminist literature Feminist comic books.

Purdue OWL. Retrieved 29 January A History of Feminist Literary Criticism. Cambridge University Press. Harlow: Longmanp.

How Literary? How Critical?. Academic Search Complete. Archived from the original on 1 September A Room of One's Own, feminist criticism literature. Retrieved The Madwoman In the Attic 2nd Edition. Ettinger, Matrix and Metramorphosis. DifferencesVol. Ettinger The Matrixial Borderspace, feminist criticism literature. University of Minnesota Press, ScholarWorks Georgia State University. Georgia State University. Retrieved 10 October feminist criticism literature Byatt's Possession: A Romance with H.

Literary criticism. Archetypal criticism Biographical criticism Chicago school Cultural materialism Darwinian criticism Deconstruction Descriptive poetics Ecocriticism Feminist criticism Formalism Geocriticism Marxist criticism New Criticism New historicism Postcolonial criticism Postcritique Psychoanalytic criticism Reader-response criticism Russian formalism Semiotic criticism Sociological criticism Source criticism Thing theory.

Feminist theory. Feminism portal. Ecofeminism Feminist method Hegemonic masculinity Women's history Women's studies.

 

What Is Feminist Criticism? (with picture)

 

feminist criticism literature

 

Feminist Criticism (s-present) Feminist criticism is concerned with " the ways in which literature (and other cultural productions) reinforce or undermine the economic, political, social, and psychological oppression of women" (Tyson). This school of theory looks at how aspects of our culture are inherently patriarchal (male dominated). Feminist literary criticism, arising in conjunction with sociopolitical feminism, critiques patriarchal language and literature by exposing how these reflect masculine ideology. It examines gender politics in works and traces the subtle construction of masculinity and femininity, and their relative status, positionings, and marginalizations within works. Unlike some other critical schools you might encounter (*cough* New Criticism *cough*), feminist theory is always evolving and adapting to new cultural and academic environments. Most importantly, it’s fighting the good fight with all the tools it can muster—razor sharp .