History of Abortion Controversy in the U.S.


abortion controversy articles

A Northern Ireland judge thinks so – and Amnesty International hopes the rest of the world will h-mm-reviewss.ml: Susan Milligan. Articles of Faith: A Frontline History of the Abortion Wars: Cynthia Gorney. Trade Paperback, A history of the "two sides" and how their proponents developed deepening commitments during the years abortions were illegal and then after the Roe v. Wade decision. Abortion: The Clash of Absolutes: Laurence H. Tribe. Trade Paperback, Jun 23,  · Many points come up in the abortion h-mm-reviewss.ml's a look at abortion from both sides: 10 arguments for abortion and 10 arguments against abortion, for a total of 20 statements that represent a range of topics as seen from both sides.

Abortion - The New York Times

They say that pregnant women will resort to unsafe illegal abortions if there is no legal option. They say abortion inflicts suffering on the unborn child, and that it is unfair to allow abortion when couples who cannot biologically conceive are waiting to adopt.

Read more background…. Did You Know? From Roe v. Wade in throughover 60 million legal abortions are estimated to have been performed in the United States — an average of about 1. A woman's risk of dying from having an abortion is 0. Proper citation depends on your preferred or required style manual. Here are the proper bibliographic citations for this page according to four style manuals in alphabetical order :. Skip to content. Should Abortion Be Legal? The landmark abortion case Roe v.

Wadedecided on Jan. The decision stated that the Constitution gives "a guarantee of certain areas or zones of privacy," and that "This right of privacy Pro 2 Reproductive choice empowers women by giving them control over their own bodies, abortion controversy articles. The choice over when and whether to have children is central to a woman's independence and ability to determine her future.

Casey"The ability of women to participate equally in the economic and social life of the Nation has been facilitated by their ability to control their reproductive lives. Carhart that undue restrictions on abortion infringe upon "a woman's autonomy to determine her life's course, and thus to enjoy equal citizenship stature. Wade was "a landmark of what is, in the truest sense, women's liberation. A person's age is calculated from birth date, not conception, abortion controversy articles, and fetuses are not counted in the US Census.

The majority opinion in Roe v. Wade states that "the word 'person,' as used in the Fourteenth Amendment [of the US Constitution], does not include the unborn. Pro 4 Fetuses are incapable of feeling pain when most abortions are performed. According to a review by Britain's Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists, "most neuroscientists believe that the cortex is necessary for pain perception. This finding was endorsed by the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists, [ 1 ] which stated that that there is "no legitimate scientific information that supports the statement that a fetus experiences pain.

Not only has the biological development not yet occurred to support pain experience, but the environment after birth, so necessary to the development of pain experience, is also yet to occur. Pro 5 Access to legal, professionally-performed abortions reduces maternal injury and death caused by unsafe, illegal abortions. According to Daniel R. Mishell, Jr. Byafter Roe v. Wade had legalized abortion nationwide, this number dropped to two.

Pro 6 Modern abortion procedures are safe and do not cause lasting health issues such as cancer and infertility.

The study also found abortion controversy articles "pregnancy-related complications were more common with childbirth than with abortion. Pro 7 Women who receive abortions are less likely to suffer mental health problems than women denied abortions. A peer-reviewed study comparing the mental health of women who received abortions to women denied abortions found that women who were denied abortions "felt more regret and anger" and "less relief and happiness" than women who had abortions.

Pro 8 Abortion gives pregnant women the option to choose not to bring abortion controversy articles with profound abnormalities to full term. Some fetuses have such severe disorders that death is guaranteed before or shortly after birth. These include anencephaly, in which the brain is missing, and limb-body wall complex, abortion controversy articles, in which organs develop outside the body cavity. Even in the case of nonfatal conditions, such as Down syndrome, parents may be unable to care for a severely disabled child.

Pro 9 Women who are denied abortions are more likely to become unemployed, to be on public welfare, to be below the poverty line, abortion controversy articles, and to become victims of domestic violence. A University of California at San Francisco study found that women who were turned away from abortion clinics because they had passed the gestational limit imposed by the clinic were three times more likely to be below the poverty level two years later than women who were able to obtain abortions.

The same study found that women unable to obtain abortions were more likely to stay in a relationship with an abusive partner than women who had an abortion, and were more than twice as likely to become victims of domestic violence.

Pro 10 Reproductive choice protects women from financial disadvantage. Many women who choose abortion don't have the financial resources to abortion controversy articles a child, abortion controversy articles. Pro 11 A baby should not come into the world unwanted. Having a child is an important decision that requires consideration, abortion controversy articles, preparation, and planning, abortion controversy articles.

The Colorado Department of Public Health and Environment stated that unintended pregnancies are associated with birth defects, low birth weight, maternal depression, increased risk of child abuse, lower educational attainment, delayed entry into prenatal care, a high risk of physical violence during pregnancy, and reduced rates of breastfeeding.

Pro 12 Abortion reduces welfare costs to taxpayers. Also, since many women seeking late-term abortions are economically disadvantaged, their abortion controversy articles are likely to require welfare assistance. Pro 13 Abortion reduces crime. According to a study co-written by Freakonomics co-author Steven D. Levitt, PhD, and published in the peer-reviewed Quarterly Journal of Economicsabortion controversy articles, "legalized abortion has contributed significantly to recent crime reductions.

Because "women who have abortions are those most at risk to give birth to children who would engage in criminal activity," and women who had control over the timing of childbearing were more likely to raise children in optimal environments, crime is reduced when there is access to legal abortion. Pro 14 Abortion is justified as a means of population control, abortion controversy articles. Although many religious groups oppose abortion, the United Methodist Church, the Presbyterian Church, and the Unitarian Universalist Association of Abortion controversy articles are all officially pro-choice.

In Exodusthe crime of causing a woman to miscarry is treated as a property crime, whereas killing the woman is considered murder and is punished with the death penalty. But I refuse to impose it on equally devout Christians and Muslims and Jews, and I just refuse to impose that on others I do not believe that we have a right to tell other people that -- women they can't control their body. Con 1 Abortion is murder.

The killing of an innocent human being is wrong, even if that human being has yet to be born. Unborn babies are considered human beings by the US government, abortion controversy articles.

The federal Unborn Victims of Violence Actwhich was enacted "to protect unborn children from assault and murder," states that under federal law, anybody intentionally killing or attempting to kill an unborn child should "be punished Con 2 Life abortion controversy articles at conception, so unborn babies are human beings with a right to life.

Upon fertilization, a human individual is created with a unique genetic identity that remains unchanged throughout his or her life. This individual has a fundamental right to life, which must be protected.

Jerome Lejeune, the French geneticist who discovered the chromosome abnormality abortion controversy articles causes Down syndrome, stated that "To accept the fact that after fertilization has taken place a new human has come abortion controversy articles being is no longer a matter of taste or opinion The human nature of the human being from conception to old age is not a metaphysical contention, it is plain experimental evidence.

Con 3 Fetuses feel pain during the abortion procedure. Maureen Condic, PhD, Associate Professor of Neurobiology and Anatomy and Adjunct Associate Professor of Pediatrics at the University of Utah School of Medicine, explains that the abortion controversy articles primitive response to pain, the spinal reflex," is developed by eight weeks gestation, and adds that "There is universal agreement that pain is detected by the fetus in the first trimester.

And I believe it will be severe and excruciating pain. Nathanson, abortion controversy articles, MD, the late abortion doctor who renounced his earlier work and became a pro-life activist, stated that when an abortion is performed on a week-old fetus, "We see [in an ultrasound image] the child's mouth open in a silent scream This is the silent scream of a child threatened imminently with extinction.

Con 4 Abortion is the killing of a human being, which abortion controversy articles the word of God. The Bible does not draw a distinction between fetuses and babies: the Greek word brephos is used in the Bible to refer to both an unborn child and an infant. Con 5 The decision in Roe v. Wade was wrong and should be overturned. Wade is "utterly idiotic" and should not be considered binding precedent: "There is no right to privacy [in the US Constitution]. WadeJustice William H.

Rehnquist stated that an abortion "is not 'private' in the ordinary usage of that word. Nor is the 'privacy' that the Court finds here even a distant relative of the freedom from searches and seizures protected by the Fourth Amendment to the Constitution Wade when it excluded unborn abortion controversy articles from the class of "persons.

Con 6 Abortions cause psychological damage. A peer-reviewed study published in the Scandinavian Journal of Public Health found that "Young adult women who undergo Con 7 Abortions reduce the number of adoptable babies. Instead of having the option to abort, women should give their unwanted babies to people who cannot conceive.

Con 8 Selective abortion based on genetic abnormalities eugenic termination is abortion controversy articles discrimination. Physical limitations don't make those with disabilities less than human. The Americans with Disabilities Abortion controversy articles of [ 54 ] provides civil rights protection to people born with disabilities so they can lead fulfilling lives.

The National Down Syndrome Society states that "people with Down syndrome live at home with their families and are active participants in the educational, vocational, social, and recreational activities of the community. People with Down syndrome are valued members of their families and their communities, contributing to society in a variety of ways.

Con 9 Women should not be able to use abortion as a form of contraception. It is immoral to kill an unborn child for convenience.

Con 10 If women become pregnant, they should accept the responsibility that comes with producing a child. People need to take responsibility for their actions and accept the consequences. Having sexual intercourse, even when contraceptive methods are used, carries with it the risk of a pregnancy. If women are unprepared to care for their children, they should at least put them up for adoption. Read More. Con 11 The original text of the Hippocratic Oath, abortion controversy articles, traditionally taken by doctors when swearing to practice medicine ethically, forbids abortion.

One section of the classical version of the oath reads: "I will not give a woman a pessary [a device inserted into the vagina] to cause an abortion.


Abortion debate - Wikipedia


abortion controversy articles


Oct 25,  · The most recent controversy was touched off after an anti-abortion organisation called The Center for Medical Progress secretly recorded a Planned Parenthood official discussing how to obtain. Q3. Why is abortion such a controversial issue? h-mm-reviewss.mlon is one of those issues which polarises opinion. It is something which many people have strong feelings for or against and in some cases; this has resulted in protest and violence. The abortion debate is the ongoing controversy surrounding the moral, legal, and religious status of induced abortion. The sides involved in the debate are the self-described "pro-choice" and "pro-life" movements. "Pro-choice" emphasizes the right of women to decide whether to terminate a pregnancy.